Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com
Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

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Enzootic abortion, also known as chlamydial abortion, is caused by infection with the bacteria Chlamydophila abortus. This is the most common cause of abortion in Donegal and now is the right time to vaccinate. 

The bacteria damages the placenta and reduces the transfer of nutrients to the growing lamb and the production of the hormones that regulate pregnancy. The bacteria can also cross the placenta and damage the lamb directly.  

What are the symptoms of EAE?

The first sign that there might be EAE in a flock is usually late-term abortions, stillbirths or births of weak, ill-thrift lambs. Abortions usually occur in the last three weeks of gestation.

Aborting ewes usually display a red-brown discharge, which may only be seen in the fleece around the perineum.Ewes typically present as asymptomatic despite being infected.

How contagious is the disease?

EAE is a contagious disease that is amplified when flocks are housed for lambing. The close proximity of animals at the time of lambing can result in naïve animals coming into contact with infected or aborted materials. 

In unvaccinated flocks, the infection can quickly spread through the flock and lead to “abortion storms” and large-scale losses.

For these reasons, it is essential for aborted materials (dead lambs and placental material or discharge) to be removed as soon as identified. Pens must be disinfected thoroughly between ewes, and bedding changed.Aborting ewes should be isolated until all discharge has dried up and these ewes should be marked for identification purposes.  Enzootic abortion is also a zoonotic disease, which means it can pass from animals to humans. The main at-risk group is pregnant women and immune-compromised people. Both of these groups should not come into contact with ewes during lambing time. 

How is it diagnosed? 

A history of abortion within the flock and an abortion rate greater than 2% in a given season would raise the suspicion of an infectious cause of abortion. A presumptive diagnosis can be based on visual inspection of the aborted lambs and placenta.To confirm a diagnosis, fresh samples of the aborted placenta can be sent to a laboratory, where they are stained to confirm the presence of chlamydial elementary bodies. During an abortion investigation, a vet will also sample foetal stomach contents, foetal fluids and brain material, as there can be other causes of abortion besides EAE.

Should bought-in sheep be blood tested? If so, when?

The major issue with EAE is the latency of infection, because animals exposed to infectious materials at lambing may not show signs of infection until the subsequent lambing. There is no test to identify EAE during this latent period while the organism is dormant in their bodies. Ewes that have EAE and have aborted or lambed within the past three months will produce an immune response to the infection. Therefore, blood samples should be taken from aborted or barren ewes up to three months after lambing in situations where no foetal material was present or there was insufficient time to investigate.

Bought-in sheep can only be tested if they have lambed in the previous three months.

Once infected, will ewes continue to abort in future years?

After a ewe is infected, it will not typically abort or show other signs of EAE until the following pregnancy and, once it has aborted, it is less likely to abort in subsequent years.

Aborting ewes should ideally be culled from the flock, as they can act as carriers of the disease and pass it on to other animals.

How should surviving ewe lambs from aborted sheep be managed?

It may be possible for viable lambs born from a ewe with EAE to carry EAE, abort in their first pregnancy and pass EAE on to their lambs or other naive animals in the flock.

Ideally, ewe lambs from infected ewes should be recorded, fattened and sold to slaughter. It would be unscrupulous to sell these animals for breeding purposes. 

If home-bred animals are kept as replacements for the flock, the cohort should be vaccinated to prevent the spread of EAE should a ewe lamb from an infected dam be retained.

Can antibiotics be used when an outbreak occurs?

Oxytetracyclines may be used as a last resort in abortion outbreaks to try to reduce overall losses from EAE. However, they will not prevent infection and abortions in subsequent pregnancies. With responsible use of medicines in mind, the use of antibiotics in an abortion outbreak is less than ideal, especially when the disease can be managed and prevented through vaccination. 

we have tried a dead vaccine within the practice in the last two years to reduce abortions while being mid way into an abortion storm. This vaccine worked well but will only see you out for the season in hand, this wiull not prevent future abortions in subsequent lambing seasons 

What quarantine procedure should be followed when buying in sheep?

To prevent the introduction of new diseases, it is best to maintain a closed flock. However, if you are sourcing replacement ewes, try to source from an accredited, or vaccinated flock, to minimise the risk of disease introduction. 

If replacement animals are coming from an accredited flock, these animals should have been blood tested. After a standard three-week quarantine period, where suitable consideration is given to other problems such as foot-rot, contagious ovine digital dermatitis, liver fluke, resistant worms and scab, they can be introduced to the flock. 

When introducing ewes of unknown health status to the flock, the gold standard is to manage them as a separate group from your original flock, avoiding any crossover of rams, and lambing each group separately. 

Lambing is the major risk period, so it is the most important time to instigate strict quarantine and biocontainment policies. 

When should animals be vaccinated?

Timing of vaccination depends on the product used. All vaccines are required to be given before breeding, so farmers should ensure they act promptly and don’t leave it until it’s too late.It is recommended that sheep be vaccinated with Enzovac 4 weeks before the rams go out. 

Farmers should discuss vaccination options with their vets and weigh up the cost of lamb losses against the cost of vaccination. A vaccination policy is a cheap insurance policy compared with the potential losses. 

The vaccines are licensed for all breeding females. For complete vaccine coverage, all breeding females should be vaccinated.

Because of cost considerations some farmers will just implement the vaccination of incoming or replacement ewes. This isn’t such a robust vaccination protocol, but it will ensure the most naïve animals are protected and, with annual repetition, the flock should become fully covered after four to five years, depending on the replacement rate.

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Enzootic Abortion

Enzootic abortion, also known as chlamydial abortion, is caused by infection with the bacteria Chlamydophila abortus. This is the most common cause of abortion in Donegal

Maxime Ladley

Maxime graduated in Summer 2018 from UVLF, Koisce. She started out in mixed practice in Dungannon and whilst she loved the work, she didn’t enjoy the cold weather!

Originally from Donegal, she joined Mulroy in 2022 to work in Small animal and loves the variation in caseload and friendly clients. 

In her spare time she enjoys taking her much loved whippet, Niko, for walks, and going to the gym. Niko is often seen in the clinic with Maxime and is happy when you come and say hello to him.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Caolán Harkin

BSc, DVM

Caolán joined the team in August 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, in Kosice, Slovakia.

He previously obtained a BSc in Biological and Biomedical Sciences in Maynooth University. He has a keen interest in all aspects of veterinary medicine. In his spare time, he enjoys caring for his horses.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Sarah Mc Clafferty

Practice Manager

Sarah joined Mulroy Veterinary in November 2019 having worked in a number of different positions within the Veterinary industry previously, including Veterinary Nurse assistant, Receptionist and Office manager.

Sarah has a busy life inside and outside of work and loves walking her two dogs, Gabbi, a Collie/King Charles mix and Heidi, a Cocker Spaniel in her free time.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Valentin Ciobanu

DVM

Val graduated in 2008 from U.S.A.M.V. in Bucharest. He joined the practice in 2019.

He is interested in all aspects of veterinary medicine and enjoys the variety of species coming through the doors here at Mulroy.

Val likes to surf and attend the gym in his spare time.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Suzanne Deeney Wylie

BSc RVN

Suzanne graduated from LYIT in 2013 after completing a degree in Veterinary Nursing & has worked in mixed animal practice since. She joined the team at Mulroy in the spring of 2021, and has a particular interest in parasitology & surgery.

In her past life, before veterinary, Suzanne worked in horse yards & even in a zoo. When not working, she enjoys competing with her ex-racehorses.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Emma Mc Loughlin

BSc (Hons) RVN

Emma joined Mulroy Veterinary in February of 2021 after graduating from LYIT as a Veterinary Nurse.

Emma is passionate about all aspects of veterinary, with particular interest in dentistry, radiology and inpatient care.

Her love for animals came from growing up on her family farm and caring for her dog, Copper and cat, Stitch. In her spare time you will find Emma drawing or painting.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Adriana Donos

DVM

Adriana joined Mulroy Veterinary in 2020. She gained her veterinary qualifications from University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest in 2018.

Adriana’s passion for veterinary medicine came from her love of science, nature and animals. Consequently, becoming a vet was the ideal career for her. Adriana has a real enthusiasm for small animal surgery, however, enjoys treating cats and dogs.

Adriana has two pets of her own, a dog – Chivas and a cat – Duchess.When she is not at the practice Adriana enjoys travelling, drawing, reading fiction and walking on the beach.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Emma Mallon

Office Administrator

Emma joined Mulroy Veterinary in June 2019. She is currently studying Health & Social Care at Letterkenny Institute of Technology.

Emma’s love for animals began from a young age as she grew up on her family farm.


In Emma’s free time, she likes walking her dog Roxy and spending time with her friends and family.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Andrew Gallagher

Office Administrator

Andrew graduated from Dundalk institute of technology in 2014 with a BSC Honors degree in agriculture.

From then, Andrew spent a few years travelling while working in the agricultural industry and experiencing new techniques and different cultures.

After returning home in 2016, he runs a sheep enterprise and helps on his home farm of sheep & sucklers. Andrew has a keen interest in livestock.

Andrew joined the Mulroy veterinary team in winter 2020.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Mary O Connor

DVM

Mary joined the team in March 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest.

She enjoys all aspects of veterinary medicine, and has a particular interest in large animals. She comes from a dairy farm in Co.Cork which greatly influenced her decision to become a vet.

In her free time, Mary enjoys going to the gym, swimming and hiking. She has one dog, Peter, a collie cross, who she goes home to see as often as she can.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com | Equine

Bronach Rigney

DVM

Bronach joined the team in March 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest. Bronach’s interests lie in treating dogs and cats.


In her spare time, Bronach enjoys hiking and beach walks with her dog Yoko, horse riding and spending time with friends and family.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Kathy Ward

BSc RVN (Veterinary Student)

Kathy Joined the team in April 2020. She graduated from the LYIT in May 2020.

Kathy spent her summers and college holidays working as a veterinary nurse in a local practice.

Kathy is currently pursuing her life long dream of becoming a vet as she is currently studying in The University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice.

Kathy has a particularly strong interest in sheep and horses. Kathy occupies her spare time by playing football and farming. She has one dog called Millie, who is a cocker spaniel and is full of life.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Grainne Kelly

BSc RVN

Grainne joined the team in August 2020. She graduated with a degree in Veterinary Nursing from LYIT in May 2016.

She began working in Co.Fermanagh where she spent 4 years in a mixed practice. Grainne has a keen interest in wound management and radiography. In her spare time, Grainne enjoys going to the gym and walking her dog Lenin.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Grace O Brien

Office Administrator

Grace joined Mulroy Veterinary in October 2019. She has worked in the Veterinary Business since leaving education, dealing in all areas of administration, before moving on to run a Veterinary Office for 12 years.

In Grace’s free time she takes care of her suckler herd.

Mary Gorney

Mary joined Mulroy Veterinary in October 2020. Since finishing her education she has worked in veterinary offices in Milford and Letterkenny before moving to Stranorlar. In her free time she likes reading and walking.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Evelyn McGinley

BVM

Evelyn joined the Mulroy veterinary team in 2020, after graduating from University college Dublin in 2019.

She enjoys working with all kinds of animals, big and small, but especially farm animals. She particularly likes sheep, and lambing is one of her favourite activities!

Evelyn also has a keen interest in equine medicine and reproduction. When she is not working, Evelyn plays football for the Donegal Ladies gaelic football Team.

On her time off, she enjoys farming at home, horse riding and spending time with her dog glen.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ellen Callaghan

Ellen graduated from University College Dublin in 2017. She worked in Sligo for 4 years before joining the team in August 2021.

She has a keen interest in all aspects of small animal medicine and surgery. In her spare time she enjoys hiking, going to the gym and walking her German Shepard Daisy.

Amy McElchar BSc (Hons) RVN

Amy is originally from Donegal and graduated with a degree in Veterinary Nursing from UCD in 2018. She  joined Mulroy in April 2022 and is passionate about small animal nutrition and surgical nursing. In her spare time, she enjoys reading, learning new languages and spending time with her hyperactive Labrador cross, Zuko.

Vicki Stewart

Vicki joined the team in January 2023. She has a keen interest in all aspects of veterinary but after six years working with small animals in Northern Ireland she turned her focus on to large animals in Mulroy vets.
Hobbies include socialising with friends and travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ciara Meaney

MVB

Ciara comes from a dairy farm in North Cork where her love for animals and working outdoors grew from a young age.

They previously milked Ayrshires on their home farm and Ciara enjoyed working with them.

She graduated from UCD in 2015 and began her veterinary career in Co. Kerry. She then worked on the Cork Limerick border for 4 years before moving to Bandon, Co.Cork.

Ciara joined the Mulroy Veterinary Team in November 2020 and enjoys the variety that each day as a mixed practice vet brings.

In Ciara’s spare time she likes to play Gaelic football, Basketball and enjoys travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Stirling Manson

Director

Stirling was educated at Ballymena Academy where he played rugby with the famous Willie John McBride for the school in the morning and the town in the afternoon.

Stirling graduated as a vet from the Royal (Dick) vet college in 1970, he worked for two years in Hinchley, Leicester where he performed his first cesarean, during his two years there if he performed a caesarean he got the rest of the day off, Stirling has worked the next 46 years in his practice in Castlederg and Mulroy Veterinary where you could do up to 5 Caesareans in a night and work the next day.

Interesting cases include a post mortem on an elephant, five successful caesareans on mares, an intestinal resection on a mare and gastric torsion in a mare. During his 40 seasons playing rugby and 50 years as a vet, Stirling relaxed by breeding Hampshire Dawn sheep, including breed champion at Balmoral, the Royal English at Stoneleigh, group of three champion at the Royal Welsh and reserve champion at Royal Welsh and Highland.

Stirling said perhaps his biggest achievement was bringing a certain vet, Ciarán back to Mulroy.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Courtney Greene

Courtney is a final year veterinary nursing student who completed her work placement in mulroy veterinary in second year, and soon after joined the team.

Courtney grew up around horses and spent her younger years in the North West Pony Club competing throughout the country and undergoing exams up to the H test.

She loves working with all animals, but has a particular interest in large animals. Outside of work Courtney produces horses and ponies, and enjoys swimming, cooking and travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Danielle stewart

Danielle is currently studying a BCS in Agriculture in Carlow It.

She previously studied a level 5 in agriculture, level 6 in dairy herd management and a level 7 in professional diploma in dairy farm management for two years in Cork, during her two years in Moorepark Cork danielle got the opportunity to travel to New Zealand to work on a 1200 cow Farm.

Danielle got loads of opportunities from this course and got to work for many different farmers and gained valuable experience from each farm.  

Outside of work Danielle enjoys horse riding, badminton and football. 

Milford

MULROY VETERINARY MILFORD

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:00-18:00
Tuesday: 9:00-18:00
Wednesday: 9:00-18:00
Thursday: 9:00-18:00
Friday: 9:00-18:00
Saturday: 9:00- 15:00
Sunday: Closed

Stranorlar​

MULROY VETERINARY STRANORLAR

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:30-15:30
Tuesday: 9:30-15:30
Wednesday: 9:30-15:30
Thursday: 9:30-15:30
Friday: 9:30-15:30
Saturday: Closed
Sunday: Closed

Letterkenny

Letterkenny Small Animal
Veterinary Hospital

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:00-18:00
Tuesday: 9:00-18:00
Wednesday: 9:00-18:00
Thursday: 9:00-18:00
Friday: 9:00-18:00
Saturday:9:00-15:00
Sunday: Closed

Georgia O'Donell

Georgia joined the team in December 2021. 

Georgia graduated from LYIT with  BSc(Hons) in Agriculture Science and Animal Welfare in 2021.

Georgia grew up on a family beef farm and always had a desire for cattle at a young age, expanding into owning her own small herd of cattle at home breeding her cows and selling the young calves also whilst working on a 220 herd dairy farm at weekends milking gaining all aspects of experience on farm and loves working with all kinds of animals. Outside of working Georgia loves to go to the gym, go running and spend time with her pet cow Fudge.

Barbara Kajtarova

Barbara graduated from the Veterinary university in Brno. 

She started working here in Mulroy veterinary soon after she graduated. 

She is a mixed vet and her main interests are; Internal medicine of dogs and cats, bovine medicine and reproduction, 

Since she was always interested in alternative methods of treatment in veterinary medicine she is currently doing an acupuncture course for horses and dogs. 

In her free time she likes to do photography, creating art, baking and spending time with her family and pets. 

Diana Filipa Moreira De Oliveria

Diana love for animals comes from a young age. As a teenager she took horse riding lessons,

where she realized that the human – animal interaction was something that she wanted to pursue as

a carrier.

She attended the Vasco da Gama University (EUVG), in Coimbra, Portugal, having completed

her degree in 2020. She worked for almost 2 years in a Small Animal practice in her hometown in

Portugal before moving to Ireland.

Diana joined the team in April 2022. She enjoys multiple aspects of the small animal clinic,

but has a special interest in abdominal ultrasound, internal medicine and surgery.

In her spare time Diana likes to dance, painting and catching up on her favourite TV shows.

Isabel Ruiz Garrido

I don’t come from a farming family but since I was very little, I had contact with animals and that is where my love for them comes from.

I graduated from the University of Córdoba, Spain.

Although at the beginning I invested time in the Department of Ecological Livestock and

Genetics, doing research. I finally opted for direct work in the countryside, working with

goats in the Malagueña Goat Association.

Since July 2022, I have been part of the Mulroy Veterinary Team, with more interest in large animals.

In my free time, I like to discover new places in this fantastic country and travel, as well asspend time with my work colleagues.

Laura Marley

Laura joined the practice in September 2021. 

She is currently studying early childhood care, health and education in Letterkenny ATU. 

Laura grew up on a family farm. 

Her pastimes include walking, going to the gym and spending time with friends and family. 

Barbara Kajtarova

Barbara graduated from the Veterinary university in Brno. 

She started working here in Mulroy veterinary soon after she graduated. 

She is a mixed vet and her main interests are; Internal medicine of dogs and cats, bovine medicine and reproduction, 

Since she was always interested in alternative methods of treatment in veterinary medicine she is currently doing an acupuncture course for horses and dogs. 

In her free time she likes to do photography, creating art, baking and spending time with her family and pets. 

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ciarán Marley

Director

Ciaran has graduated from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest. He then spent 2 years working in a busy mixed practice in Wales before returning to Ireland as a mixed vet.

He spent another two years working in Cork before returning to Donegal. It was then that Ciaran and Stirling founded Mulroy veterinary in April 2019.

Ciaran enjoys all areas of cattle and sheep veterinary medicine but has particular interest in reproduction.