Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

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What is coccidiosis?

Coccidiosis is a debilitating disease of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and rabbits. It is caused by a type protozoan Eimeria or Isospora. It affects the intestines and liver and can cause poor thrive. As a result it is an economically important disease. It can affect animals of any age, but generally older stock are resistant, and animals one month to one year are most at risk. Coccidiosis is an opportunistic pathogen and causes severe disease when animals are under pressure and stressed e.g. poor nutrition, poor sanitation, or overcrowding, or after the stresses of weaning, shipping, sudden changes of feed, or severe weather. Coccidia are host-specific, and there is no cross-immunity between species of coccidia.

Where do animals pick it up?

It is commonly seen where large numbers of calves are housed together and there is a build up of oocysts (eggs) in the environment. Older healthy animals can be a source of infection. An infected animal may only ingest a small number of coccidia, but it can shed millions of eggs. Animals at pasture can be affected also and creep-fed lambs/calves are at risk of being exposed to this disease. Anywhere there is a build-up of faeces in the environment, there is a risk of coccidiosis.  Oocysts do not survive well at temperatures below -30°C or above 40°C; within this temperature range, oocysts may survive ≥1 year. Therefore eggs can persist in the environment from one season to the next, hence why cleaning and disinfection of animal housing is so crucial. 

What are the symptoms?

Coccidiosis mainly affects the gut lying, it invades and destroys it. Diarrhoea, often with blood and tenesmus (straining) are common signs. Fever, inappetence, ill-thrift, weight loss, emaciation, and in extreme cases, death can also occur. Rectal prolapses can also occur in extreme cases. However, many infections are subclinical.

How can I test for it? 

Oocysts can be found in faecal samples, but because diarrhoea may come 1 – 2 days before the large shed of eggs, and diarrhoea can continue beyond the shedding of eggs, multiple samples may be required. Therefore, the results of faecal examinations must be related to clinical signs and intestinal lesions (gross and microscopic)

 How do I treat Coccidiosis? 

The life cycles of Eimeria and Isospora are self-limiting and end spontaneously within a few weeks unless reinfection occurs. Prompt medication may slow or inhibit reinfection and, thus, can shorten the length of illness, reduce discharge of oocysts, alleviate haemorrhage and diarrhoea, and lessen the likelihood of secondary infections and death. Sick animals should be isolated and treated individually whenever possible and to prevent exposure of other animals. There is no drug which will effectively treat clinical coccidiosis, but it is widely accepted that treatment is effective against reinfection and should therefore facilitate recovery. Various sulphonamides have also been used in the treatment of coccidiosis. They have limited efficacy against coccidia but may help to suppress secondary infections. 

How do I prevent it?

Most coccidiostats have a depressant effect on the early stage life cycle  and are therefore more appropriately used for control instead of treatment. Diarrhoea usually develops at the end of the parasitic life cycle, which means that severe damage to the intestines has already occurred and specific treatment at this stage is usually unrewarding. It is therefore recommended to use drugs prophylactically, i.e. during the risk period, to prevent the development of clinical disease. There are three narrow-spectrum anticoccidials registered for use in cattle in Ireland:Decoquinate, Diclazuril, Toltrazuril. These products are primarily indicated for the prevention of coccidiosis by administering them strategically in anticipation of disease. Farm history, age groups and stress trigger factors must be taken into consideration for effective timing. Avoid build up in the environment by maintaining strict hygiene and rotate grazing for young stock i.e do not turn young stock out into the same grazing every year. Creep feeders should be moved regularly, and water sources should not be leaking in order to prevent wet favourable conditions for spread.

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Maxime Ladley

Maxime graduated in Summer 2018 from UVLF, Koisce. She started out in mixed practice in Dungannon and whilst she loved the work, she didn’t enjoy the cold weather!

Originally from Donegal, she joined Mulroy in 2022 to work in Small animal and loves the variation in caseload and friendly clients. 

In her spare time she enjoys taking her much loved whippet, Niko, for walks, and going to the gym. Niko is often seen in the clinic with Maxime and is happy when you come and say hello to him.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Caolán Harkin

BSc, DVM

Caolán joined the team in August 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, in Kosice, Slovakia.

He previously obtained a BSc in Biological and Biomedical Sciences in Maynooth University. He has a keen interest in all aspects of veterinary medicine. In his spare time, he enjoys caring for his horses.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Sarah Mc Clafferty

Practice Manager

Sarah joined Mulroy Veterinary in November 2019 having worked in a number of different positions within the Veterinary industry previously, including Veterinary Nurse assistant, Receptionist and Office manager.

Sarah has a busy life inside and outside of work and loves walking her two dogs, Gabbi, a Collie/King Charles mix and Heidi, a Cocker Spaniel in her free time.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Valentin Ciobanu

DVM

Val graduated in 2008 from U.S.A.M.V. in Bucharest. He joined the practice in 2019.

He is interested in all aspects of veterinary medicine and enjoys the variety of species coming through the doors here at Mulroy.

Val likes to surf and attend the gym in his spare time.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Suzanne Deeney Wylie

BSc RVN

Suzanne graduated from LYIT in 2013 after completing a degree in Veterinary Nursing & has worked in mixed animal practice since. She joined the team at Mulroy in the spring of 2021, and has a particular interest in parasitology & surgery.

In her past life, before veterinary, Suzanne worked in horse yards & even in a zoo. When not working, she enjoys competing with her ex-racehorses.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Emma Mc Loughlin

BSc (Hons) RVN

Emma joined Mulroy Veterinary in February of 2021 after graduating from LYIT as a Veterinary Nurse.

Emma is passionate about all aspects of veterinary, with particular interest in dentistry, radiology and inpatient care.

Her love for animals came from growing up on her family farm and caring for her dog, Copper and cat, Stitch. In her spare time you will find Emma drawing or painting.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Adriana Donos

DVM

Adriana joined Mulroy Veterinary in 2020. She gained her veterinary qualifications from University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest in 2018.

Adriana’s passion for veterinary medicine came from her love of science, nature and animals. Consequently, becoming a vet was the ideal career for her. Adriana has a real enthusiasm for small animal surgery, however, enjoys treating cats and dogs.

Adriana has two pets of her own, a dog – Chivas and a cat – Duchess.When she is not at the practice Adriana enjoys travelling, drawing, reading fiction and walking on the beach.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Emma Mallon

Office Administrator

Emma joined Mulroy Veterinary in June 2019. She is currently studying Health & Social Care at Letterkenny Institute of Technology.

Emma’s love for animals began from a young age as she grew up on her family farm.


In Emma’s free time, she likes walking her dog Roxy and spending time with her friends and family.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Andrew Gallagher

Office Administrator

Andrew graduated from Dundalk institute of technology in 2014 with a BSC Honors degree in agriculture.

From then, Andrew spent a few years travelling while working in the agricultural industry and experiencing new techniques and different cultures.

After returning home in 2016, he runs a sheep enterprise and helps on his home farm of sheep & sucklers. Andrew has a keen interest in livestock.

Andrew joined the Mulroy veterinary team in winter 2020.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Mary O Connor

DVM

Mary joined the team in March 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest.

She enjoys all aspects of veterinary medicine, and has a particular interest in large animals. She comes from a dairy farm in Co.Cork which greatly influenced her decision to become a vet.

In her free time, Mary enjoys going to the gym, swimming and hiking. She has one dog, Peter, a collie cross, who she goes home to see as often as she can.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com | Equine

Bronach Rigney

DVM

Bronach joined the team in March 2021, after graduating from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest. Bronach’s interests lie in treating dogs and cats.


In her spare time, Bronach enjoys hiking and beach walks with her dog Yoko, horse riding and spending time with friends and family.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Kathy Ward

BSc RVN (Veterinary Student)

Kathy Joined the team in April 2020. She graduated from the LYIT in May 2020.

Kathy spent her summers and college holidays working as a veterinary nurse in a local practice.

Kathy is currently pursuing her life long dream of becoming a vet as she is currently studying in The University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice.

Kathy has a particularly strong interest in sheep and horses. Kathy occupies her spare time by playing football and farming. She has one dog called Millie, who is a cocker spaniel and is full of life.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Grainne Kelly

BSc RVN

Grainne joined the team in August 2020. She graduated with a degree in Veterinary Nursing from LYIT in May 2016.

She began working in Co.Fermanagh where she spent 4 years in a mixed practice. Grainne has a keen interest in wound management and radiography. In her spare time, Grainne enjoys going to the gym and walking her dog Lenin.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Grace O Brien

Office Administrator

Grace joined Mulroy Veterinary in October 2019. She has worked in the Veterinary Business since leaving education, dealing in all areas of administration, before moving on to run a Veterinary Office for 12 years.

In Grace’s free time she takes care of her suckler herd.

Mary Gorney

Mary joined Mulroy Veterinary in October 2020. Since finishing her education she has worked in veterinary offices in Milford and Letterkenny before moving to Stranorlar. In her free time she likes reading and walking.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Evelyn McGinley

BVM

Evelyn joined the Mulroy veterinary team in 2020, after graduating from University college Dublin in 2019.

She enjoys working with all kinds of animals, big and small, but especially farm animals. She particularly likes sheep, and lambing is one of her favourite activities!

Evelyn also has a keen interest in equine medicine and reproduction. When she is not working, Evelyn plays football for the Donegal Ladies gaelic football Team.

On her time off, she enjoys farming at home, horse riding and spending time with her dog glen.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ellen Callaghan

Ellen graduated from University College Dublin in 2017. She worked in Sligo for 4 years before joining the team in August 2021.

She has a keen interest in all aspects of small animal medicine and surgery. In her spare time she enjoys hiking, going to the gym and walking her German Shepard Daisy.

Amy McElchar BSc (Hons) RVN

Amy is originally from Donegal and graduated with a degree in Veterinary Nursing from UCD in 2018. She  joined Mulroy in April 2022 and is passionate about small animal nutrition and surgical nursing. In her spare time, she enjoys reading, learning new languages and spending time with her hyperactive Labrador cross, Zuko.

Vicki Stewart

Vicki joined the team in January 2023. She has a keen interest in all aspects of veterinary but after six years working with small animals in Northern Ireland she turned her focus on to large animals in Mulroy vets.
Hobbies include socialising with friends and travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ciara Meaney

MVB

Ciara comes from a dairy farm in North Cork where her love for animals and working outdoors grew from a young age.

They previously milked Ayrshires on their home farm and Ciara enjoyed working with them.

She graduated from UCD in 2015 and began her veterinary career in Co. Kerry. She then worked on the Cork Limerick border for 4 years before moving to Bandon, Co.Cork.

Ciara joined the Mulroy Veterinary Team in November 2020 and enjoys the variety that each day as a mixed practice vet brings.

In Ciara’s spare time she likes to play Gaelic football, Basketball and enjoys travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Stirling Manson

Director

Stirling was educated at Ballymena Academy where he played rugby with the famous Willie John McBride for the school in the morning and the town in the afternoon.

Stirling graduated as a vet from the Royal (Dick) vet college in 1970, he worked for two years in Hinchley, Leicester where he performed his first cesarean, during his two years there if he performed a caesarean he got the rest of the day off, Stirling has worked the next 46 years in his practice in Castlederg and Mulroy Veterinary where you could do up to 5 Caesareans in a night and work the next day.

Interesting cases include a post mortem on an elephant, five successful caesareans on mares, an intestinal resection on a mare and gastric torsion in a mare. During his 40 seasons playing rugby and 50 years as a vet, Stirling relaxed by breeding Hampshire Dawn sheep, including breed champion at Balmoral, the Royal English at Stoneleigh, group of three champion at the Royal Welsh and reserve champion at Royal Welsh and Highland.

Stirling said perhaps his biggest achievement was bringing a certain vet, Ciarán back to Mulroy.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Courtney Greene

Courtney is a final year veterinary nursing student who completed her work placement in mulroy veterinary in second year, and soon after joined the team.

Courtney grew up around horses and spent her younger years in the North West Pony Club competing throughout the country and undergoing exams up to the H test.

She loves working with all animals, but has a particular interest in large animals. Outside of work Courtney produces horses and ponies, and enjoys swimming, cooking and travelling.

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Danielle stewart

Danielle is currently studying a BCS in Agriculture in Carlow It.

She previously studied a level 5 in agriculture, level 6 in dairy herd management and a level 7 in professional diploma in dairy farm management for two years in Cork, during her two years in Moorepark Cork danielle got the opportunity to travel to New Zealand to work on a 1200 cow Farm.

Danielle got loads of opportunities from this course and got to work for many different farmers and gained valuable experience from each farm.  

Outside of work Danielle enjoys horse riding, badminton and football. 

Milford

MULROY VETERINARY MILFORD

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:00-18:00
Tuesday: 9:00-18:00
Wednesday: 9:00-18:00
Thursday: 9:00-18:00
Friday: 9:00-18:00
Saturday: 9:00- 15:00
Sunday: Closed

Stranorlar​

MULROY VETERINARY STRANORLAR

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:30-15:30
Tuesday: 9:30-15:30
Wednesday: 9:30-15:30
Thursday: 9:30-15:30
Friday: 9:30-15:30
Saturday: Closed
Sunday: Closed

Letterkenny

Letterkenny Small Animal
Veterinary Hospital

PRACTICE ADDRESS

Contact Information

Monday: 9:00-18:00
Tuesday: 9:00-18:00
Wednesday: 9:00-18:00
Thursday: 9:00-18:00
Friday: 9:00-18:00
Saturday:9:00-15:00
Sunday: Closed

Georgia O'Donell

Georgia joined the team in December 2021. 

Georgia graduated from LYIT with  BSc(Hons) in Agriculture Science and Animal Welfare in 2021.

Georgia grew up on a family beef farm and always had a desire for cattle at a young age, expanding into owning her own small herd of cattle at home breeding her cows and selling the young calves also whilst working on a 220 herd dairy farm at weekends milking gaining all aspects of experience on farm and loves working with all kinds of animals. Outside of working Georgia loves to go to the gym, go running and spend time with her pet cow Fudge.

Barbara Kajtarova

Barbara graduated from the Veterinary university in Brno. 

She started working here in Mulroy veterinary soon after she graduated. 

She is a mixed vet and her main interests are; Internal medicine of dogs and cats, bovine medicine and reproduction, 

Since she was always interested in alternative methods of treatment in veterinary medicine she is currently doing an acupuncture course for horses and dogs. 

In her free time she likes to do photography, creating art, baking and spending time with her family and pets. 

Diana Filipa Moreira De Oliveria

Diana love for animals comes from a young age. As a teenager she took horse riding lessons,

where she realized that the human – animal interaction was something that she wanted to pursue as

a carrier.

She attended the Vasco da Gama University (EUVG), in Coimbra, Portugal, having completed

her degree in 2020. She worked for almost 2 years in a Small Animal practice in her hometown in

Portugal before moving to Ireland.

Diana joined the team in April 2022. She enjoys multiple aspects of the small animal clinic,

but has a special interest in abdominal ultrasound, internal medicine and surgery.

In her spare time Diana likes to dance, painting and catching up on her favourite TV shows.

Isabel Ruiz Garrido

I don’t come from a farming family but since I was very little, I had contact with animals and that is where my love for them comes from.

I graduated from the University of Córdoba, Spain.

Although at the beginning I invested time in the Department of Ecological Livestock and

Genetics, doing research. I finally opted for direct work in the countryside, working with

goats in the Malagueña Goat Association.

Since July 2022, I have been part of the Mulroy Veterinary Team, with more interest in large animals.

In my free time, I like to discover new places in this fantastic country and travel, as well asspend time with my work colleagues.

Laura Marley

Laura joined the practice in September 2021. 

She is currently studying early childhood care, health and education in Letterkenny ATU. 

Laura grew up on a family farm. 

Her pastimes include walking, going to the gym and spending time with friends and family. 

Barbara Kajtarova

Barbara graduated from the Veterinary university in Brno. 

She started working here in Mulroy veterinary soon after she graduated. 

She is a mixed vet and her main interests are; Internal medicine of dogs and cats, bovine medicine and reproduction, 

Since she was always interested in alternative methods of treatment in veterinary medicine she is currently doing an acupuncture course for horses and dogs. 

In her free time she likes to do photography, creating art, baking and spending time with her family and pets. 

Letterkenny Small Animal Veterinary Hospital. Mulroy Veterinary Stranorlar. Mulroy Veterinary Milford | www.letterkennyvets.com

Ciarán Marley

Director

Ciaran has graduated from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest. He then spent 2 years working in a busy mixed practice in Wales before returning to Ireland as a mixed vet.

He spent another two years working in Cork before returning to Donegal. It was then that Ciaran and Stirling founded Mulroy veterinary in April 2019.

Ciaran enjoys all areas of cattle and sheep veterinary medicine but has particular interest in reproduction.